BoLS logo Tabletop, RPGs & Pop Culture

Warhammer 40K: Proud History of The Squats

8 Minute Read
Jan 31 2022

Come learn the history of the stubborn and proud abhumans officially known as Homo Sapiens Rotundu; aka – the Squats.

Squats are short, stocky and tough abhumans.

Their average height was 1.4 metres. Of all the abhuman types, they most closely resembled humans. Squats were the descendants of humans who colonised the worlds around the galactic core in the far distant past. These worlds are some of the oldest in the galaxy, formed when the laws of physics had yet to be stabilised.


The Squat ancestors were human colonists that reached the mineral-rich worlds around the galactic core, during the time of the initial expansion beyond Earth’s own system, long before the emergence of the Emperor. The colonisation came at the right time, as Earth’s own mineral wealth was depleted. The worlds at the galactic core were rich in rare and unique minerals, but in terms of life were barren and unsuited for colonisation. These worlds are dark and bleak. Their gravity is great, usually two or three times that of Earth. Their atmospheres are either thin or non-existent. Even those planets with atmospheres are blasted by tremendous storms.

These planets became Mining Worlds. Colonists were forced to become self-sufficient, providing their own underground grown food. Due to the completely hostile nature of the surface, the colonists formed underground societies. During the long isolation of the Age of Strife, the Squat race developed, evolving to suit their environment, becoming tougher, more resilient and physically shorter.

Some say the real history of the Squats begins in the Age of Strife when their worlds were cut off from Terra and the race developed, but their actual origins begin much earlier during the Dark Age of Technology, or as the Squats called it, the Age of Founding.

Squat History

Squat history is divided into five ages, each marked by a dramatic change in both galactic conditions and Squat society. These ages are:

Age of Founding

The Age of Founding is equivalent to the Dark Age of Technology for humanity. This is not technically the first period of the Squats as they had yet to evolve, but is the time of the founding of the colonies that would become the Squat Homeworlds. Almost twenty thousand years ago contact between these planets and Terra was almost continuous, a testament to the importance of these colonies. Terra also kept the worlds well supplied with that which they could not produce for themselves in adequate amounts, primarily food. This period lasted until the Age of Strife.


Location of the Squat Homeworlds in the present day Imperium.

Age of Isolation

The Age of Isolation corresponds with the earlier part of the Age of Strife – around eighteen thousand years ago. The galactic core was cut off from the rest of human space by the devastating Warpstorms of the Age of Strife. Many worlds were swallowed by the Warp and disappeared forever, others were trapped in stasis and became lost. Most survived although they were separated from Earth and all contact was lost with the rest of the galaxy. During this time of isolation and danger, the Squat worlds still in contact with each other began to organise for their mutual defence. It was at this time that the Squats began to refer to their worlds as the Homeworlds.

The Homeworlds remained isolated for thousands of years. Their inhabitants learned to survive in a universe that was becoming increasingly hostile. Those that survived grew and prospered. Settlements were enlarged and fortified into impregnable Strongholds. They soon developed alternative technologies to make up for the lack of supplies from Earth.

During the isolation, the complex system of Engineer Guilds developed. These Guilds were responsible for preserving technical knowledge and skills as well as training technicians, miners and other specialists necessary for the Strongholds. The Guilds transcended the Strongholds, allowing every Stronghold to benefit from the preserved knowledge as well as new advances in technology.

During this age, the Leagues first began to develop from Strongholds allied for trading and defence purposes.


Age of Trade

The Age of Trade took place during a slight abatement of the warp storms during the Age of Strife and led to the Squats encountering other races, including Orks and Eldar.

At the beginning of the Age of Trade, some strongholds were attacked. But the aliens quickly realised that the Squats were determined and tenacious fighters. Trade was a more practical arrangement. The Squats took full advantage of their tremendous mineral wealth, which they traded for weapons, foodstuffs and high-technology systems. To this day, Squat hydroponic plants, developed with Eldar help, are among the most efficient food sources in the Imperium. The Squats remained carefully neutral in the numerous conflicts between Eldar and Orks, maintaining trade links with both sides. There were inevitably small wars from time to time. But mostly, the Squats’ complex structure of treaties and trade agreements maintained a stable peace.


To the Squats, the only good Eldar is a dead Eldar.

Age of Wars

The Age of Trade lasted for nearly three millennia. IT finally collapsed when an enormous Ork battle-fleet, under the command of Grunhag the Flayer, attempted a full-scale invasion of the Homeworlds. Losses on both sides were astronomical. Vicious tunnel-fights broke out through the mines and bloody pitched battles in the Squats’ underground settlements. The Squats appealed to their Eldar trading partners for help against the invading Orks, but none was received.

The Age of Wars, as it became known, is regarded by the Squats as the blackest chapter in their history, and the double betrayal by Orks and Eldar gave rise to a cultural enmity that still persists. Many strongholds were wiped out by the Orks, and the traditional epic ballad known as The Fall of Imbach commemorates one such destruction. Even today expeditions are mounted from the Squat Homeworlds in search of lost strongholds, and these expeditions are often accompanied by Adeptus Mechanicus priests, eager to rediscover lost Squat technology.

Giving the Commissar some tips.


Age of Rediscovery

The Age of Rediscovery was the most recent phase of Squat history, corresponding to the Great Crusade and the current Age of the Imperium. As the Imperium recovered from the Age of Strife and began to reunite the scattered worlds of humanity. The Squat Homeworlds were rediscovered and contact with the Imperium was established.

The Imperium found that a distinct culture had developed on the Homeworlds. The Squats had moved outwards through the galaxy, extending their domains. Often they settled harsh planets similar to their own Homeworlds, but they also occupied more conventional worlds able to support normal Human civilization.

Relations With The Imperium

The Squat Homeworlds were almost unique in the Imperium. Though they were a part of the Imperium, they were not directly controlled by the Administratum. Instead, they are allowed a certain amount of autonomy, being ruled by their strongholds and Leagues just as they were before the Age of Rediscovery. The experiences of the previous millennia has left the Squats with a strong sense of cultural unity and a fiercely independent nature. Instead of rejoining the Imperium as subject worlds, the Homeworlds negotiated treaties that enabled them to keep their independence. The racial character of the Squats – hard-working, tenacious, honourable, and inimical to alien races – was almost perfect from the Imperial point of view. The Imperium was content to allow them a great degree of self-government.

Astra Militarum & Adeptus Mechanicus

Both the Imperium and the Squats benefit from this arrangement: the Homeworlds provide troops for the Imperial Guard. The Imperial Guard also provides military support to the Homeworlds when necessary, as they would any other threatened Imperial worlds. Additionally, the Squats trade their mineral wealth exclusively with the Imperium.

The Adeptus Mechanicus are highly interested in the Squats and the Homeworlds for several reasons. Squats possess a high level of technical expertise which seems to come naturally to the race. Additionally, the Homeworlds as a whole possess the greatest amount of surviving STC equipment in the Imperium.

The Squats are said to allow the Adeptus Mechanicus free access to Squat technology. However, it is also said the Squats keep their technology from other races, regarding the Adeptus Mechanicus as little more than sorcerers mired in superstition.

Squat Technology

During their long isolation, the Squats were forced to become self-sufficient. There was no other way to survive the barren environments of their Homeworlds. They have also managed to maintain technical knowledge and expertise, which has allowed the race to continue to progress technologically. Accordingly, the Squats have developed their own advanced technologies, which not even the most technically-adept of the Tech-priests understand.

These include the neoplasma reactor powered by a warp-core and held in thrall by a zero-energy containment field. No other race has developed this technology and the Adeptus Mechanicus gave up on their experiments with warp-cores after the infamous Contagion of Ganymede. Some of the technology developed by the Squat engineers is considered too dangerous and remains unused. Several of the weapons now in regular Imperial service were originally developed by the Squats: this includes the Leviathan super-heavy assault transport, Thunderfire cannon, Thudd gun and Mole mortar.


In war, the Squats used squads of motorcycles supported by massive artillery barrages from juggernaut war machines such as the Land Train, Colossus, Cyclops and Leviathan. They also used advanced armour, such the heavy exo-armour.

Recent Appearances

The Squats are still encountered through the Imperium, if rarely. Squat Mercenaries have been reported on Necromunda, and during exploration of the Pariah Nexus, an Adeptus Mechanicus vessel issued a fragmentary report of becoming entangled in a gravitation field from what may be a Squat spaceship.

Learn More of the Squats


~We will have to wait and see if the Squat Homeworlds open up in greater numbers to the Imperium. And maybe even the tabletop in the years ahead.

  • Warhammer 40K: Top List Of The Week - Tyranids Take One For The Hive