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D&D 5e Guide: How to Play a Wizard

6 Minute Read
Dec 13 2023

5E Wizards are one of D&D’s most iconic classes. Magic and versatility can be a blast to play, but it’s a bit daunting – we’re here to help you get started.

When it comes to Dungeons & Dragons, Wizards are masters of all things arcane. They have access to more spells and can learn and do more with magic than just about anyone else. Except for maybe Clerics, but that’s beside the point.

The fact of the matter is that Wizards are iconic members of any party. There’s a reason the stereotypical party was “Fighter, Cleric, Wizard, Thief” for so many years. These days, even Magic includes Wizards in a “full party”, but it replaces Fighter with Warrior and Thief with Rogue. In 5th Edition, wizards can be an absolute blast to play, but they take a little bit more work to get started.

Spells Spells Spells

Without a doubt, the most versatile of all casters are Wizards. They have such a breadth of spells available and the ability to learn all of them (eventually). That means that a Wizard that has time to prepare for a coming battle will utterly excel—they always have the right tool for the job, whether that’s having some kind of non-combat rituals like Tenser’s Floating Disk, an information-gathering tool like Scrying, or a combat-changing spell like a well placed Fireball.

Wizards can do it all, and you can build a wizard to do just about everything. It may seem rather complicated, but it’s pretty much all down to what kind of spells you pick. The rest of the wizard toolkit is there to fuel your magic. When you play a wizard, you’re basically building a hand of cards that you can play to deal with any situation, whether that’s by buffing your party or cordoning off enemies so you can pick them apart one by one, or whatever you decide.

Wizard 5E

But that wealth of choices can be overwhelming. So it’s a good idea to pick a niche and explore from there. You’ll want at least one spell to deal damage and one spell to protect yourself in times of need. If you find yourself dragging, talk to your DM about learning some new spells.

As we said, most of a wizard’s kit is in their spells—even their subclasses help focus the Wizard on doing things with their spells. Unlike most classes, a wizard has nine different subclasses (for each school of magic) and then a couple of extras besides.

Abjuration is a school that’s all about protection. As such it lends itself to wizards looking to support their friends in a fight. Arcane Ward is one of the best features out there, allowing you to seize a little bit of magic from each spell that you cast, using the power to give yourself or an ally temporary hit points. Improved Abjuration and Spell Resistance make you that much more resilient at higher levels.

Chronurgy is a school of magic that was introduced in Explorer’s Guide to Wildemount, and it is a powerful subclass. It allows you to cause enemies to fail or your allies to succeed, as well as provide access to the widest range of spells. Chronurgy wizards mean absolute business.

Conjuration is the make your GM hang his head school. With access to summoned creatures and being able to conjure up literally what you need (go Minor Conjuration) you’ll be able to throw a monkey wrench into the well-laid plans of your GM with distressing ease.

Wizard 5E

Divination is the school that believes you can never know too much, and never be too prepared. It is the school you should take up if you want to be the knowledge hub for your party—it’s also one of the best support subclasses—the whole arcane tradition is worth it for Portent alone which allows you to twice per day guarantee an ally will hit/save, or an enemy will miss/fail. It’s such a rewarding mechanic—rolling 2d20 and saving for a later time of your choosing—because no matter how you roll, you’ll get some fantastic use out of it.

Enchantment is one of the better schools for dealing with a single powerful creature. Features like Hypnotic Gaze let you take out a foe without spending a spell slot. Split Enchantment doubles the potency of your enchantments, letting you take on two creatures for the price of one.

Evocation is a school that’s all about blasting your enemies. But like, carefully. There are some powerful abilities in this subclass. This includes the ability to drop an AoE on a bunch of foes without worrying about hitting your friends. Thanks, sculpt spell! And One per day being able to decide a spell is going to deal maximum damage is pretty incredible. More so because you can spend HP to gain the benefit of this ability again and again throughout your adventuring day.

Illusion is one of the best Wizard schools. You can redefine reality for a while—there are all kinds of tricks you can do with this class. Being able to reprogram your illusions thanks to Malleable Illusion is amazing. Get that much more mileage out of those precious spell slots. Pull off old tricks like creating an illusory boulder and hiding inside it while firing arrows at your enemies with nigh impunity.

Necromancy is better at being an evil cleric than the actual evil clerics. If you know that you are going to be dealing with the undead, you need a necromancer. You’ll gain the ability to buff based on whatever stitched-together monstrosity you’re calling your friend this time.


Transmutation is another excellent battlefield control school. Transmutation has a lot of the spells like Polymorph, which can help turn the tide of a fight. If you want to rearrange the battlefield, this one is the school for you.

Wizard 5E

But let’s not forget War Wizards out of Xanathar’s Guide to Everything—which showcases the Wizard’s ability to take to a fight. You’ll want to be casting concentration spells to gain a boost to your armor class. This is great because you’ll also want to be close to the enemy spellcasters out there. That way, you can juice up your combat spells with some power surges.

Or the Bladesinger which is most recently reprinted in Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything. This is a much more defensive spellcaster. You’ll have the ability to “bladesing” which makes it harder to hit you. It also gives you the occasional melee attack.

Finally, the Order of Scribes wizard is the ultimate wizard. They put everything they have into a magical book that advises them and empowers them. Their biggest move is their ability to swap out damage types of some of their spells. That lets you get around damage resistances and immunities. The rest is gravy.

Wizard Tips & Tricks

One of the weirdest things to learn about Wizards is that it’s not super hard to get a high armor class. This comes from their ability to wield a shield and cast the spell Shield on top of everything else. Often, a Wizard will pick up Heavy Armor proficiency to be able to hit AC 26 without even trying hard. Layer on elements like War Magic, and you can be surprisingly good in a fight.

But often, the best tips and tricks come down to your spells. Your best options, by far, are going to be spells that change the weight of numbers in a fight. Sometimes, this can mean doing damage, but more often than not, it’s about incapacitating or isolating enemies.

Spells like Sleep work very well early on, shutting down enemies so that they can’t gang up on you. And instead, you can gang up on the few who remain awake. Later spells like Hypnotic Pattern and Wall of Force can help shut off entire encounters.


Creating a wizard can be daunting. But with the right kind of focus on your initial spells, you’ll be set up for your first few levels. Then you can transition from no hit points to running the show. The class can be incredibly rewarding to play, and when done right, they make everyone in the party shine.

Happy adventuring!

Author: J.R. Zambrano
Author: Clint Lienau
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